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As your trusted orthodontist serving Berkeley and the surrounding areas of El Cerrito, San Pablo, Oakland, Richmond, and Pinole, we understand the impact that a confident smile can have on your self-esteem. One common concern that patients often seek our expertise for is gap teeth, also known as diastema. In this article, we will explore the causes of gap teeth and provide effective prevention and treatment options to help you achieve a beautiful, gap-free smile.

Understanding Gap Teeth

Gap teeth are characterized by spaces or gaps between two or more teeth, most commonly seen between the upper front teeth. While some individuals embrace their gaps as a unique feature, others may wish to close the gap for cosmetic reasons or to address potential oral health issues. Gap teeth can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, improper swallowing reflexes, gum disease, tongue thrusting, and certain oral habits.

Regular Dental Check-ups

Schedule regular visits to your orthodontist for comprehensive oral examinations. Early detection of potential dental issues can help prevent the development of gap teeth.

Good Oral Hygiene

Maintain proper oral hygiene practices, including brushing at least twice a day, flossing daily, and using antibacterial mouthwash. This helps prevent gum disease, which can contribute to gap teeth.

Break Harmful Oral Habits

Thumb sucking, pacifier use, and prolonged bottle feeding can put pressure on the teeth and jaw, leading to the development of gaps. Encourage your child to break these habits at an early age to promote proper dental alignment.


Effectively applied braces are an effective treatment option for closing gaps. Your orthodontist will create a personalized treatment plan to gradually move the teeth into their proper positions, closing the gaps in the process.

Clear Aligners

Clear aligner systems such as Invisalign provide a comfortable alternative to braces. These custom-made aligners exert gradual pressure on the teeth, gradually shifting them into alignment and closing the gaps.

Dental Bonding or Veneers

For smaller gaps, dental bonding or porcelain veneers may be recommended. These cosmetic treatments involve the application of tooth-colored materials to fill in the gaps, resulting in a seamless smile.

At I Song Orthodontics, we believe that everyone deserves a smile they can be proud of. Whether you wish to prevent the development of gap teeth or seek treatment to close existing gaps, our team of experienced orthodontists is here to help. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and take the first step towards achieving a beautiful, confident smile.